Daughters of working mothers are better educated and earn more money, according to the results of a study into gender and employment survey across 25 developed countries.
The research, which included Australian figures, revealed that the sons of working mothers spend more time on child care and domestic chores.
Researchers found the division of paid and unpaid work among the children of working parents was likely to lead to more stable marriages.
The data from the International Social Survey Program was analysed by academics from the Harvard Business School in a study to be released on Monday.
It included the experiences of more than 50,000 adults from 25 developed counties.
Researchers discovered that the daughters of working mothers completed more years of formal education and were more likely to be employed in senior roles with higher incomes.
Having a working mother did not affect the careers of their sons but they spent more time looking after children and doing housework, according to the analysis.
Across the 25 countries included in the research, 69 per cent of women with a working mother were employed and 22 per cent were supervisors, compared with 66 per cent and 18 per cent for women raised by stay-at-home mums. The daughters of working mothers earned 6 per cent more than those whose mothers did not work outside the home.
Sons of working mothers spent an extra hour caring for children each week than sons of stay-at-home mothers and they devoted an additional 17 minutes per week to housework.
Researchers concluded that male support at home encourages a women's workforce participation and might lead to more stable marriages.
Australia was ranked in the middle on attitudes to gender, with Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden among the most egalitarian and Chile, Mexico, the Philippines and Russia the most conservative.
Lifting female workforce participation is a key aim of the Abbott government which has promised to make childcare more affordable and accessible for families.
Figures from the Australian Bureau of Statistics show that in mothers were employed in 66 per cent of couple families with dependent children, although the proportion has increased over the past decade.
Statistics show Australian women are concentrated in casual or part time roles, constituting 25.4 per cent of full time employees.